Formula of Present Continuous Tense

The formula of present continuous tense formula in English with examples/sentences. The formula of the simple present tense in English.

Present Continuous Tense Formula

Structures of Present Continuous Tense

Positive Sentence Formula

  • Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence
    • Short Formula: (Sub+am/is/are+Ving+Obj)
SubjectA form of be + Verbingrest of the sentence
Iam studyingfor my exam.
He/She/Itis playingsoccer with her friends.
You/we/theyare workingon a project together.

Negative Sentence Formula

  • Subject + am/is/are + not + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence
    • Short Formula: (Sub+am/is/are+not+Ving+Obj)
SubjectA form of be + VerbingObject
I am not studyingfor the exam.
He / She / Itis not playingsoccer.
You/We/Theyare not travelingto Europe.

Interrogative Sentence Formula

  • am/is/are + subject + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence?
    • Short Formula: (am/is/are+Sub+Ving+Obj)
A form of beSubjectVerbingObject
AmI playingchess
IsHe / She / Itcookingdinner?
AreYou/We/Theystudyingfor your exam?

Negative Interrogative Sentence Formula

  • am/is/are + subject + not + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence?
    • Short Formula: (am/is/are+Sub+not+Ving+Obj)
Auxiliary verbSubjectNegativeVerbingObject
AmInotcookingcorrectly?
IsHe / She / Itnotplayingbasketball?
AreYou/We/Theynotwatchingthe movie?

Wh-Questions Sentence Formula

  • Wh-word + am/is/are + subject + verbing + the rest of the sentence?
    • Short Formula: (Wh- + am/is/are+Sub+Ving+Obj)
Wh- wordAuxiliary verbSubjectVerbObject
WhatareYou / We / Theycookingfor dinner?
WhyamIstudyingso hard?
WhyisHe / She / Itarguingwith each other?

Sentences of Present Continuous Tense with Formula

Positive Sentences (Sub+am/is/are+Ving+Obj)

  • They are playing soccer in the park.
  • We are studying for the exam.
  • He is cooking dinner in the kitchen.
  • I am writing an email to my friend.
  • The children are singing a song.

Negative Sentences (Sub+am/is/are+not+Ving+Obj)

  • We are not going to the movies tonight.
  • He is not working on the project.
  • The dog is not barking at the mailman.
  • The children are not watching TV.
  • My friend is not coming to the party.

Interrogative Sentences (am/is/are+Sub+Ving+Obj)

  • Is it raining outside?
  • Are we going to the park?
  • Is John coming to the party?
  • Are the children playing in the garden?
  • Is Sarah working on her project?
  • Are the dogs barking loudly?

Negative Interrogative Sentences (am/is/are+not+Sub+Ving+Obj)

  • Isn’t she studying for the exam?
  • Aren’t we going the wrong way?
  • Isn’t he playing basketball right now?
  • Aren’t they enjoying the movie?
  • Aren’t you wearing your glasses?

Wh-Questions Sentences (Wh- + am/is/are+Sub+Ving+Obj)

  • How are they feeling?
  • Why are you studying so hard?
  • Who is she meeting later?
  • Where are they staying tonight?
  • What are we wearing to the party?
Scroll to top